Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Aim and Scope

Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology Forensic medicine, Microbiology, Community Medicine, Otorhinolaryngology, Internal Medicine, General Surgery, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radiology, Pulmonary Medicine, Dermatology and Venereal diseases, Infectious Diseases, Anaesthesia, Cancer research, Neurosurgery, Orthopedics, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Nephrology, Medical education, Orthopaedics, Paediatrics, Reproduction, Cardiology, Diabetes, Surgery, Nursing, Otolaryngology, Dental, Psychology, Anesthesiology Dermatology, Endocrinology, Hepatology, Urology, Venereology, Psychiatry, Biotechnology, Pharmacy, ENT, Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Pharmaceutical Analysis, Pharmaceutics, Pulmonology, Pharmacognosy, Pharmaceutical, Phatmaceutical Technology, Biopharmaceutics, Pharmacokinetics Pharmacodynamics, Industrial Pharmacy, Drug Design, Quality Assurance, Drug Regulatory Affairs, Phytochemistry, Drug Delivery Systems, Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology, Pharmaceutical Microbiology, Hospital Pharmacy, Clinical Pharmacy, Pharmacy Practice, Drug Discovery, Drug Metabolism, Toxicology, Clinical Research, Pharmacogenomics, Phrmacoinformatics, Pharmacovigilance<, Life Sciences like Chemistry, Biomedical Sciences, Microbiology, Immunology, Forensic, Epidemiology, Oncology, Biomedicine, Dentistry, Physiotherapy, Gynaecology, Dermatoepidemiology, Neuroscience, Ophthalmology, Sexology, Osteology, Kinesiology, Angiology/Vascular Medicine, Critical care Medicine, Haematology, Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, Bariatrics, Pharmacy and Nursing, Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Radiobiology, Clinical immunology, Clinical and Hospital Pharmacy, Cell Biology, Genomics and Proteomics, Healthcare Services, Healthcare Management, Bioinformatics and Biotechnology, Geriatric Medicine,

Latest Journals

Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Cruzon syndrome-pathology first time described in Azerbaijan Clinical and radiological description

Abstract :

Crouzon syndrome, also called craniofacial dysostosis, is an autosomal dominant disorder with complete penetrance and variable expressivity. Described by a French neurosurgeon in 1912, it is a rare genetic disorder characterized by premature closure of cranial sutures, midfacial hypoplasia, and orbital defects. Here, we report a case of this rare entity. The patient presented with brachycephaly, maxillary hypoplasia, exophthalmos, mandibular prognathism, along with dental and orbital abnormal


Histomorphological parameters of the gastric mucosa in patients with gastritis and helicobacteriosis

Abstract :

Gastritis is an inflammatory condition of the gastric mucosa that has several classifications and causes. The persistence of symptoms of the acute state can lead to the atrophic development of the disease, increasing the tissue injury and consequential the development of gastric cancer. The diagnosis is made by clinical and endoscopic information as well as histopathological analysis of samples obtained from biopsy. The purpose of this review is demonstrate the morphological aspects of gastri


Features of changes in Vitamin D and carbohydrate metabolism in girls with hyperandrogenia syndrome during puberty

Abstract :

Vitamin D status may be associated with insulin resistance and other key features of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), but data from preliminary randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on plasma glucose area under the curve (AUCgluc, primary outcome measure) and on other metabolic and endocrine parameters (secondary outcome measures). This study was a single-center, double-blind, randomized placebo-contro


The effectiveness of probiotic agents in the treatment of acute respiratory infections

Abstract :

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) represent one of the main health problems in children. Probiotics are viable bacteria that colonize the intestine and affect the host intestinal microbial balance. Accumulating evidence suggests that probiotic consumption may decrease the incidence of or modify RTIs. The authors systematically reviewed data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to investigate the effect of probiotic consumption on RTIs in children. MEDLINE/PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Librar


Influence of Perinatal Lesions of the Central Nervous System in Women of Reproductive Age with Hypothalamic Syndrome on the Neuroendocrine Regulation

Abstract :

The hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA axis) is required for stress adaptation. Activation of the HPA axis causes secretion of glucocorticoids, which act on multiple organ systems to redirect energy resources to meet real or anticipated demand. The HPA stress response is driven primarily by neural mechanisms, invoking corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) release from hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) neurons. Pathways activating CRH release are stressor dependent: reactive r


Clinical observation of the Prader-Villy syndrome

Abstract :

Prader–Willi syndrome (PWS) is recognized as the first example of genomic imprinting, generally due to a de novo paternal 15q11-q13 deletion. PWS is considered the most common genetic cause of marked obesity in humans. Scoliosis, kyphosis, and kyphoscoliosis are commonly seen in children and adolescents with PWS with a prevalence of spinal deformities cited between 15% to 86%. Childhood risk is 70% or higher, until skeletal maturity, with a bimodal age distribution with one peak before


PD-1 as a predictor of antitumor immune resistance Its detection perspectives and correction possibilites in cervical cancer

Abstract :

Cervical cancer is one of the most common gynecological tumors, and the majority of early-stage cervical cancer patients achieve good recovery through surgical treatment and concurrent chemo radiotherapy (CCRT). However, for patients with recurrent, persistent, metastatic cervical cancer, effective treatment is rare, except for bevacizumab combined with chemotherapy. Programmed cell death-1/programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors might be a novel choice to improve the clinical


Assessment of the lipid profile correction in patients with arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus

Abstract :

Previous studies have shown that diabetes mellitus (DM) increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases in females to a greater extent than in males. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the lipid profiles of type 2 diabetic males and females. Materials and Methods: The study included 107 type 2 diabetic patients (41 males and 66 females), and 122 hypertensive type 2 diabetic patients (39 males and 83 females), aged 15 years and older. Total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low dens


The role of the Vitamin D / parathormone system in the pathogenesis of bone metabolism disorders in rheumatoid arthritis

Abstract :

Osteoporosis is a well-established extra-articular feature of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Systemic inflammation seems to play a crucial role in causing an alteration of multiple homeostatic systems implied in bone health, such as the RANK/RANKL/Osteoprotegerin and Wnt/ catenin pathways several other causal factors have been called into question, including the chronic use of corticosteroids. Since vitamin D exerts important immune-regulatory roles, it has been claimed that derangement of the vi


Changes of cytokine profile in the blood of pregnant women with anemia

Abstract :

The aim of this study was to investigate the level of serum cytokines in different periods of pregnancy associated with anemia. 85 pregnant patients with anemia were examined. 46 of them were in their first pregnancy (1st group), and 39 (2nd group) patients were in their second or further pregnancy period. The comparison group consisted of 19 pregnant women without anemia. The level of hemoglobin and serum iron were determined by using colorimetric method, as well as the level of cytokines IL