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Abstract : Inguinal hernia is the commonest congenital defect found in infancy and child hood, which requires surgical treatment. Surgical literature contains little comment about sliding hernia in females infants and children, that containing the ovary with or without fallopian tube. A retrospective study, in an attempt to establish the real prevalence of the sliding inguinal hernia in female’s infants and children, which contains the ovary with or without fallopian tube, in our experience in Iraq. 639 infants and children underwent surgery for inguinal hernia in the department of pediatric surgery of Al-Kadhmia pediatric hospital, from the first of January 2015 to the end of December 2017. Of those patients, 109 were female infants and girls with age ranging from 21days to 12 years old. A total of 639 patients, infants and children (530 male 82.9% and 109 female17.1%) were included in this study with female to male ratio was (1:4.8). For the (109) females, the age ranged from 21 days to 12 years. The incidence was higher in the right side than left (66% right, 24.8% left, 9.2% bilateral). The highest incidence was during infancy [32 females (29.3%)]. 6 out of 109 patients (5.5%) were underwent emergency surgery for incarceration, all were infants less than one year. About 20.2% (22 out of 109 patients) females were infants less than one year old and they had sliding inguinal hernia and the sac contains ovary with or without fallopian tube, and one of these cases had strangulated gangrenous ovary that need oophorectomy. Only one patient (0.9%) had hydrocele of canal of nuck. In 86 patients out of 109 patients (78.9%), the content of the sac were abdominal and pelvic viscera which reduced before or during anesthesia. All cases are treated surgically under GA by high ligation of the sac. Sliding inguinal hernia in female’s infants and children is not a rare condition. About one fifth of inguinal hernia in female in this age group is sliding hernia containing ovary with high incidence in infants. It may be incarcerated and strangulated and early surgery is preferable to avoid serious complications. We suggest performing many other studies in different centers to validate these facts.