About the Journal

Download [This article belongs to Volume - 63, Issue - 07]

Abstract : This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of HCWs regarding HBV infection and prevention in the Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Additionally, the study aimed to identify factors associated with participants' knowledge. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from healthcare workers (HCWs) in the Qassim region. The questionnaire comprised four domains: sociodemographic data, knowledge about HBV, attitudes about HBV, and practices regarding HBV. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests, and generalized linear regression analysis. A total of 358 HCWs participated in the study. The majority were male (70.10%), Saudi nationals (86.90%), and physicians (75.70%). The median knowledge score was 80.0%. Knowledge scores differed significantly based on various factors, including age, gender, nationality, occupation, years of experience, and history of hepatitis. Regression analysis showed that the following groups had independently lower knowledge scores: participants with a diploma degree (beta = -11.0, 95%CI, -19.2 to -2.86, p = 0.009), those who were working in a private institution (beta = -7.95, 95%CI, -13.3 to -2.6, p = 0.004), those with an experience of > 10 years (beta = -9.8, 95%CI, -17.5 to -2.0, p = 0.014) and participants with a history of hepatitis (beta = -20.5, 95%CI, -30.6 to -10.4, p < 0.001), as well as nurses (beta = -24.0, 95%CI, -34.0 to -14.0, p < 0.001), participants in the radiology specialty (beta = -24.0, 95%CI, -34.0 to -14.0, p < 0.001), other specialties (beta = -18.6, 95%CI, -28.9 to -8.26, p < 0.001). Current findings highlight the need for targeted educational interventions and policies to improve HCWs' understanding of HBV and enhance patient safety. Strategies based on these evidence-based findings can contribute to reducing HBV infection rates among HCWs and improving healthcare quality in the Qassim region.