About the Journal

Download [This article belongs to Volume - 63, Issue - 06]

Abstract : Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading causes of death and disability worldwide. Awareness of the population about the risk factors of CVDs is important for them to adopt a healthy life style and prevention of these diseases. This study aimed to assess the level of awareness of primary health care visitors in Buraidah, Saudi Arabia about risk factors of cardio-vascular diseases. A cross sectional study was conducted among visitors of primary health care centers in Buraydah, Saudi Arabia. Data was collected using a self-administered questionnaire in Arabic. Statistical analyses were performed in SPSS version 23.0 Descriptive analyses were done calculate frequencies and proportions of categorical variables, while mean with standard deviations were calculated for continuous variables. T-test and ANOVA (or Mann Whitney U- and Kruskal-Wallis tests) were used to compare awareness levels with respect socio-demographic characteristics. A total of 348 participants were included in the analyses About 73% of the participants were male, and majority (97%) were Saudi nationals. Most participants (99.2%) and recognize smoking as a risk factor for developing CVD. Similarly, a significant proportion of participants (97.4%) acknowledge that regular physical activity can reduce the risk of CVD. Total mean score of knowledge out of 11 was 9.71 ± 1.53. Age, gender and education were significantly associated with knowledge score. There was high level of awareness about the cardio-vascular risk factors among general population in Buraydah, Saudi Arabia which was associated with socio-demographic characteristics. Clinicians must consider the factors which affect the knowledge during health education and counselling. Further large-scale studies to draw generalizable findings are needed.