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Abstract : There has been an increase in the occurrence of cavities in preschoolers and a rise in therapeutic rather than preventive dental procedures in children. More than the child, it is the influence of the parents that will determine the future of their children's oral health. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate oral hygiene awareness among parents. A structured questionnaire was given out to 1000 randomly selected parents of children aged between 1-6 years old, visiting the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College Dentistry, Damascus University, Damascus, Syria between September 2021 and January 2023. Their responses were recorded manually. The questionnaire had questions regarding brushing, rinsing, toothpaste, visiting the dentist, etc. After surveying the parents, it could be analyzed that toothbrush is the most method used for oral hygiene maintenance (83.5%), and 9.8% of the parents believe that the time that oral hygiene maintenance start with the eruption of the first primary tooth. From the study, it was concluded that 32% of the parents supervise the brushing of their child's teeth until the age of 4 Years, but 55.6% of them brush their children's teeth once a day, and the largest percentage brush for 1-2 minutes (52.9%). According to the survey, the parents of children aged between 1-6 years old had no adequate knowledge regarding the oral hygiene of their children.